C-82 VARIANTS

     
XC-82
Status: Prototype Year of first flight: 1944 Quantity: 1

Twin-engined, twin-boom cargo / troop transport. Two were originally ordered but after the favourable maiden flight of the first
prototype on September 10, 1944 the second was cancelled with a production order following. The USAAF took delivery of
the XC-82 and used it at Wright Field, Ohio as a test aircraft. It then went to Pope AFB, North Carolina in 1948 as a ground
instructional airframe before being scrapped.
Serial number: 43-13202.
 

XC-82 during a test flight, note the counter balances on the rear control surfaces.
Photo: Fairchild official.

C-82A
Status: Production version Year of first flight: 1945 Quantity: 220

The main variant developed from the prototype for the USAAF. Production ran from 1945 to 1948 to fill the immediate need
for a cargo / troop transport aircraft in the post-war years. Many improvements were incorporated into the production run, the
main one being the introduction of upgraded Pratt & Whitney R-2800 engines starting from the 11th airframe (msn: 10013).
The 4th airframe (msn: 10006) introduced a slightly longer (14.75 inches) and more contoured nose (compare photos above
and below) plus a bare metal finish as opposed to previous deliveries in a U.S. Army olive drab. Provision was made for
glider-towing from the ends of the booms. The first 100 were built with block numbers in the designation to denote production
line upgrades which ran in jumps of five from 1 to 30. All post-war deliveries of 120 dispensed with block numbers. The
C-82A was the only variant later released to the civilian market. Aircraft employed on test duties without change of designation
were: 44-22959 / 44-22961, 44-22969, 44-22975, 44-22989.
Serial numbers: 44-22959 / 44-23058, 45-57733 / 45-57832, 48-568 / 48-587.
 

A late production C-82A s/n: 48-585.
Photo: National Museum of the U.S. Air Force.

EC-82A
Status: C-82A conversion Year of first flight: 1948 Quantity: 3

One conversion was performed for testing of a snow-ski installation on the landing gear from 1948 to 1951. Take-off
performance was compromised to the point where further testing and improvements was deemed impractical.
Serial number: 44-23004.
Two prototype conversions made with Fairchild-designed tracked undercarriage for landing on rough fields looked very
promising at the start. The tracks were designed by Fairchild engineer Alfred A. Gassner in 1947, the prototype flew
in 1948 and extensive testing followed by Fairchild and the USAF. During 1949 11 C-82A Packets were begun but
problems then arose with the rubber track belts dislodging in crosswind landings. The tracks also became clogged when
taxiing on muddy fields and so by December, 1949 the entire program had been cancelled. The "E" prefix in the late 1940s
period stood for Exempt from normal operations.
Serial numbers: 45-57746, 45-57748.
Temp conversions: 45-57747, 45-57750 / 45-57754, 45-57757 / 45-57760, 45-57763.
 

The tracked undercarriage EC-82A s/n: 45-57746.
Photo: William T. Larkins 1948.

SC-82A
Status: C-82A conversion Year of first flight: 1947 Quantity: 18

Search and Rescue conversions for MATS service from 1947 to 1952. Equipped with rescue gear which could be dropped
through belly cargo doors. The "S" prefix in the late 1940s period stood for Search and Rescue.
Known serial numbers: 44-22978, 44-22982, 44-23015, 44-23029,
44-23036, 44-23041, 45-57734, 45-57736, 45-57737, 45-57828.
 

SC-82A s/n: 44-22978, note the orange-yellow rescue bands on the fuselage and booms.
Photo: National Museum of the U.S. Air Force.

XC-82B
Status: Prototype Year of first flight: 1947 Quantity: 1

Factory converted prototype to improve the failures experienced in the C-82A during tactical USAF missions. A massive
redesign of the forward fuselage area, major engine upgrade and various internal changes meant a new designation was assigned
by the USAF as the XC-119A (Fairchild Model 105), the first flight was on December 17, 1947. It subsequently entered
production in large numbers as the C-119 Flying Boxcar, the prototype was scrapped in 1951.
Serial number: 45-57769.
 

The XC-82B (XC-119A) with modified fuselage and engine nacelles.
Photo: USAF official.

C-82N
Status: Production version Year of first flight: 1945 Quantity: 3

License built version by North American Aviation Inc., identical to the C-82A but with minor internal changes. All three were

delivered in a coat of US Army olive-drab paint. The remaining order of 997 was cancelled on VJ-Day. All became ground
instructional airframes in 1946 with the first two scrapped by 1947. Technically, the Series Suffix Letter should have been "B"
as the C-82B, why "N" was chosen out of sequence is unclear, maybe to denote North American?
Serial numbers: 45-25436 / 45-25438.
 

Olive-drab painted C-82N s/n: 45-25436.
Photo: USAF official.

ZC-82N
Status: C-82N redesignation Year redesignated: 1948 Quantity: 1

The third C-82N redesignated as obsolete ("Z") in 1948. Finally scrapped in 1951.
Serial number: 45-25438.
     

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